Are you new to the world of jewelry? Discover the conditions of the jewelry with us!
Are you one of those people who are planning to dive into the world of jewelry? Well, that can be confused with the jewelry jargon that people use. When entering any type of business, there are a few terms you need to know or learn, and the jewelry industry is no different in that regard. So relax, let us tell you all about the glossary of these jewelry terms!
An alloy is a mixture of different metals.
Annealing: heating and cooling the metal (often with a torch) to make it smoother and more comfortable to work.
Analysis: testing of metals by a professional organization (Assay Office) determines the percentage of pure precious metal it contains. After installation, a corresponding gasket is applied to the metal.
The base metal is a base metal like copper, aluminum, etc.
Beveled: oblique or oblique.
The bezel is a metal ring used to secure a stone in a setting.
Blanks are simple flat shapes cut from sheet metal (often stamped).
Borax is a type of flux that allows the solder to work cleanly.
Polishing Stick – Around, semicircular, or rectangular stick with sandpaper or sanding wrapped around it, used for sanding objects before polishing.
Polishing is the process of polishing metal to achieve a high shine.
Carats: a) Unit of weight used to measure gemstones. (One carat is equal to 1/5 of a gram).
b) It is used to measure the purity of gold. It is defined as the number of coins multiplied by 24, 24 carats being pure. For example, 18 karat gold contains 18 out of 24 parts of pure gold. British legal standards for gold are nine karats, 14 karats, 18 karats, 22 karats, and 24 karats. It is sometimes written 9k after the American spelling Karat, not to be confused with stone weights.
Stamping is the process of stamping a raised pattern on the front of a piece of metal.
Chenier is a piece of a thin metal tube.
Cutter: widening of the entry of the hole.
Collet is a metal necklace that surrounds and supports the stone.
The culet is a small facet cut from the tip of individual gemstones.
A drawing plate is a metal plate that contains a series of holes of different sizes and shapes. The cable can be passed through the holes to reduce size or reshaping.
Electrospinning is the process of applying a layer of metal to a mold using an electric current to form an object.
Electroplating is applying a layer of metal to an object using an electric current to give it a metallic appearance. Any item can be galvanized, not necessarily metal.
Engraving is a technique for carving the surface of a metal using steel tools called engravers. Lines and inscriptions often form the basis of engraved designs.
The etching is the removal of a surface with acid in a controlled environment. The acid corrodes the metal, creating a stamped relief.
A facet is a flat surface that a polisher or diamond cutter has ground on a stone.
Ferrous is a metal that contains iron.
Results: Functional components commonly produced in trade, such as anchors, earrings, etc., which allow jewelry to be worn on the body.
Fire Point (Fire Scale) – Black or gray marks appear on the surface of silver when heated. (They appear due to the presence of copper in the alloy).
Flux is a liquid or pastes applied to metal so that the solder can flow freely and cleanly.
Forging: using a hammer to change the shape and profile of the metal.
The first is a hardened steel mold, which serves to support the metal upon impact. Also known as a chuck.
Stucco is a sheet of metal with holes and shapes to form a decorative pattern.
Gallery: a) A) A wire used in jewelry to raise the object’s level and provide enough space for the stones.
b) A mass-produced decorative strip used to make stone frames.
Gauge is the standard unit of measurement for sheet metal and wire.
Gilding is the application of a thin layer of gold or a gold alloy on another material.
The strap is a term used to describe the widest circumference of a gemstone. Mark the border between the top (crown) and the base (canopy).
Grains are small metal balls that are often used for granulation (see below) or casting.
GranulationClay isis the decoration of a metallic surface with small balls of gold or silver.
A stamp is a stamp applied to objects made of precious metals, which indicates the purity of the metal, the maker’s mark, and the city in which it was examined. These marks serve as a guarantee to consumers.
Accessory: tool or device used to manufacture a series of identical products.
Palions are small pieces of solder.
Patina is a surface treatment that can develop naturally over time or exposure to chemicals.
Brine is a mildly acidic cleaning solution that removes dirt and oxides from metal during the heating and brazing processes.
Hole saw – A saw with a fragile blade that can be threaded into a drilled hole.
(Precious Metallic Clay): Clay is composed of small particles of pure metal held together by an organic bond that can be burned to expose a solid metallic object.
Brushing is a technique of striking metal repeatedly with a polished hammer to remove surface marks and create a smooth finish.
Repousse is an embossed relief that is cut or hammered into the metal from the back.
Red is a polish used for the final precious metal polishing step, usually combined with a high-speed motor and a soft mop.
The shank is the functional part of the ring which encloses the pin.
Welding is the process of joining metal parts together using heat and an alloy called solder, which operates at a lower temperature than the metal itself.
A sprue is an additional piece of metal attached to the casting created by the mold access channel.
Stamping: creating impressions and patterns on sheet metal using stamps and a single stroke with a hammer or a press for large series. Metal molds can be cut entirely by stamping.
Tang – Inactive end of a file or tool inserted in the handle.
Quenching is the process of heating metal after quenching to reduce brittleness.
The triblet is a metallic conical shape used to form rings.
Tripoli is a coarse-grained abrasive polishing paste used in the early stages of polishing precious metals.
Work hardening is the term used to describe metal that has become too difficult to work with due to repeated hammering or bending. You can completely reverse this process in annealing.